In the early 20th century, an artist named Jean-Baptiste Chardin created a series of paintings that revolutionized painting in France. His work was controversial and unconventional to many at the time, but has become celebrated for its realism and beauty. The story behind his art is fascinating as well.
Jean-Baptiste-Siméon Chardin was a French painter who is best known for his paintings of domestic scenes. He is often called the “French Vermeer”.
Art has always been based on rebellion: the Baroque fought the Renaissance until it was defeated by the Rococo, which came before Neo-classicism and before Impressionism. I could go on and on. Each style was an uprising against the previous one. However, every now and again, an artist will defy the passage of time.
Jean Baptiste-Simeon Chardin lived in the 18th century, when artists were looking for a less substantial appearance after becoming tired of the melodramas of the previous century’s Baroque painting. The opulent ornamental arts of Louis XIV’s Versailles ruled over artmaking during this time, giving rise to the Rococo style.
That didn’t sit well with Chardin. This is part of a series of 27 paintings and sketches that belonged to the Marcille family and are presently up for sale at Christie’s in France. “The name Marcille symbolizes the quality of the French 18th century,” said Pierre Etienne, Director of the Department of Old Master Paintings, to ArtDaily.
There was no need for a sales presentation to convince you that Chardin was unique. It’s evident in his work. Consider “Young Student Sketching,” a painting of a young guy seated on the floor, concentrating intently on his drawing pad.
While fellow painter Francois Boucher was painting portraits of Madame de Pompadour, mistress of Louis XV, in her opulent bedroom, Chardin created this piece.
The first buyer of Chardin’s Young Student Drawing, in 1848, was famed bridge designer Isambard Kingdom, another Frenchman dissatisfied with Rococo’s frivolity.
Creating works of art
The difficulties of artmaking were plainly on Chardin’s mind again in Attributes of Art, where he depicted an artist’s instruments – a palette and brushes – as a still-life.
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It’s no surprise that author Marcel Proust learned from Chardin that a pear is as alive as a woman.
Not that Chardin’s work was always about producing art. I’m thinking of his work Back from the Market, which depicts a tired lady carrying goods home. According to some art historians, she is a maid. If that’s the case, it’s worth noting that Chardin chose to depict a servant rather than a lady of the court.
Before storing the goods and making a supper, the lady lays one arm on a sideboard, as if waiting for a second breath. She casts a peek behind her, possibly to listen to her children in the next room. You can’t get much more daily than this, and you can’t go much more away from Louis XV’s court life.
Chardin’s work is characterized by its simplicity. The warm light on the woman’s face and the wooden sideboard, which is most likely coming from a window across the room, makes you want to join the picture and lend a hand. He recognized the value of a single moment. It’s no surprise that Chardin is recognized as the “French Vermeer.”
As if to dispel any notions that Chardin was a typical Rococo slacker, historian Charles Nicolas Cochin recounted an occasion in which Chardin was irritated by a fellow painter’s blather about painting with color, saying, “Since when does one paint with color?”
“Paint with your emotions,” says the artist.
Another example of Chardin’s displeasure with talk about art was mentioned by Cochin. “My butler has been studying to paint for the last eight days,” a noblewoman he worked for informed him. Isn’t it true that after a few more classes, he should be able to create a painting?”
What was Chardin’s response? “If you like, he can complete my painting while I’m away.” For him, there will be no adoration.
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Chardin, nicknamed the French Vermeer, was a rebel with a cause. He painted in an era where painting was not considered to be art. His paintings were viewed as being too realistic and he was often criticized for his work. Reference: what type of painting is chardin’s the ray.
Frequently Asked Questions
What was Chardin known for?
A: Chardin was a French philosopher who believed that observable phenomena were caused by subtle matter that is not physically present. He developed the theory of ether to explain how this unseen substance could interact with our world, but it has since been largely abandoned in favor of special relativity and quantum mechanics
What kind of subject matters did Jean Baptiste Simeon Chardin choose for his paintings?
A:Chardin was a French painter who created still lifes, portraits and genre paintings.
Where is Chardin from?
A: Chardin is a city in France.
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